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Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania/ University of Pittsburgh
Citation: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Abstract: Chronic DeBakey III aortic dissection is typically managed with open aortic reconstruction. Thoracic endovascular aortic grafting (TEVAR) has been attempted in patients with chronic DeBakey III with improved outcomes over medical management, however with frequent failures. This study investigates factors associated with positive aortic remodeling from a large aortic center.
Abstract: Many studies have found that preoperative aneurysm anatomy can determine the postoperative complication rates for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). With continual improvement in endograft technology, patients with challenging anatomy are increasingly able to undergo successful treatment with EVAR. This study aimed to quantify the influence of proximal neck anatomy on contemporary outcomes in a cohort of abdominal aortic aneurysm patients with highly angulated aneurysm necks.
Affiliation: Eastern Virginia Medical School
Citation: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Abstract: In 2002, the Society for Vascular Surgery created the anatomic severity grading (ASG) score to classify abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Our objective was to identify the predictive capability and cutoff value of preoperative ASG score for reintervention after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR).
Affiliation: Society for Vascular Surgery
Citation: New England Journal of Medicine
Abstract: In 2002, a system for the grading of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) was developed by the Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS). Because the correlation of the anatomic severity grading (ASG) score to patient outcomes has yet to be validated, we provide our experience with calculating the ASG score using three-dimensional (3-D) image-rendering software and provide the practical translation of this score into early outcomes and hospital charges
Affiliation: New York University Langone Medical Center
Citation: Peripheral Vascular Society
Abstract: Endoleak and sac growth remain unpredictable occurrences after EVAR, necessitating regular surveillance imaging, including CT angiography. This study was designed to identify preoperative CT variables that predict AAA remodeling and sac behavior post-EVAR.
Affiliation: U of Rochester Medical Center
Citation: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Abstract: A case series of 5 patients is presented assessing the utility of simulation case rehearsals of individual patients for carotid artery stenting on an endovascular simulator. Simulated and operative device dimensions were similar. Results of subjective surveys indicated that face and content validity were excellent. The simulations predicted difficulty with vessel cannulation, however had difficulty predicting post-stent changes in bifurcation angulation. Our experience suggests that it may be feasible to use patient-specific CTA-derived data in the creation of a realistic case rehearsal simulation. The overall utility of this concept, including cost-benefit analysis, has yet to be determined.
Affiliation: University of Strathclyde
Citation: U.S. National Library of Medicine
Abstract: The abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) anatomy influences the technical success of the endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), yet very few data regarding the aortic tree angles exist in the literature. This poses great limitations in the numerical analyses of endografts, constraining their design improvement as well as the identification of their operational limitations. In this study, a matrix Φ of 10 angles was constructed for the description of the pathological region and was implemented on a large dataset of anatomies. More specifically, computed tomography angiographies from 258 patients were analysed and 10 aortic angles were calculated per case, able to adequately describe the overall AAA shape. 9 dimensional variables (i.e. diameters and lengths) were also recorded. The median and extreme values of these variables were computed providing a detailed quantification of the geometrical landscape of the AAA. Moreover, statistical analysis showed that the identified angles presented no strong correlation with each other while no lateral or anterior/posterior symmetry of the AAA was identified. These findings suggest that endograft designers are free to construct any extreme case-studies with the values provided in a mix-and-match manner. This strategy can have a powerful effect in EVAR stent graft designing, as well as EVAR planning.
Affiliation: Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Citation: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons
Abstract: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) remains an important minimally invasive tool for the treatment of descending thoracic aneurysm. The long-term effects of these repairs in reduction of the aneurysmal sac size as well as stability of the stented portion require study. We report the results of 12 years of radiographic follow-up.
Affiliation: Southern Association for Vascular Surgery Meeting
Citation: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Abstract: We proposed to assess the gender-based differences in age, body mass index (BMI), race, comorbidities, abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) diameter, aortic neck, and iliac arteries in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to evaluate the impact of these variables on survival after EVAR.
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